The courses listed below provide a taste of the Taxation courses offered at the Law School, although no formal groupings exist in our curriculum. This list includes the courses taught in the 2019-20 and 2020-21 school years. Not all of these courses are offered every year, but this list will give you a representative sample of the variety of courses we might offer over any two-year period. Other new courses will likely be offered during your time at the Law School.
PLEASE NOTE: This page does not include courses for the current academic year. To browse current course offerings, visit my.UChicago.
Accounting and Financial Analysis
This course is designed to quickly introduce you to (or, preferably, refresh your knowledge of) basic financial accounting [first two weeks of class] and then aims to aggressively increase your ability to be a highly sophisticated user of financial statements. After taking this course, you should improve your ability to determine a firm's accounting policy for a particular type of transaction and to determine how that policy choice affects its primary financial statements. You will also learn how to question whether these effects fairly reflect the underlying economics of the firm's transactions. Asking these questions involves an interplay between accounting, economics, finance, law and business strategy. You should therefore greatly improve your ability to use an accounting report as part of an overall assessment of the firm's strategy and the potential rewards and risks of dealing with the firm. It is REQUIRED that students registering for this course have a thorough exposure to accounting course work, at least at the level provided by the Booth course Financial Accounting (B30000). Fundamentals of Accounting for Attorneys (LAWS 79112 or 53260) does not provide a sufficient foundation for this course. Students who have not taken B30000, but feel they have taken an equivalent level of accounting coursework, must petition for a waiver from Professor Berger at Philip.email@example.com.
This class has a final exam and a series of reaction papers. Participation may be considered in final grading.
- Spring 2021, Philip G. Berger
- Spring 2020, Philip G. Berger
- Spring 2019, Philip G. Berger
- Spring 2018, Philip G. Berger
Advanced Industrial Organization III
This course will complement the other courses in the Ph.D. sequence for industrial organization and will focus on topics closely related to antitrust economics and regulation. Topics will include optimal price discrimination, bundling, tie in sales, price fixing, two sided markets including credit cards, the theory of optimal regulation, and the empirical facts of regulation. The course is primarily for PhDs in economics and business, but advanced law students interested in antitrust and regulation plus advanced and interested MBAs are welcome.
- Spring 2020, Dennis Carlton
- Spring 2019, Dennis Carlton
Advanced Issues in Delaware Corporate Law
This course examines current hot topics in Delaware corporate law, relying principally on judicial decisions and academic or practitioner commentary. It is not a high-level survey course; instead, the course will consider issues such as why Delaware occupies a dominant position in the field of corporate law, and will explore particular aspects of that law, including judicial standards of review, common law fiduciary duties of managers and directors, change of control transactions, conflict transactions, poison pills, and defensive mechanisms-all in the context of particular decisions by the Delaware Court of Chancery and Supreme Court. The class is intended to be a focused course on how corporate law is made in Delaware, as well as the policy reasons underlying its law. Grades will be based on class participation and an exam. This is a 4 day short class that will run from Monday, April 19 through Thursday, April 22.
- Spring 2021, William B. Chandler
- Spring 2020, William B. Chandler
- Spring 2018, William B. Chandler
Blockchain and Cryptocurrencies
This class examines how what decentralized ledgers such as blockchain are, how they work, use cases such as cryptocurrencies, novel methods of financing made possible by blockchain, and legal issues that blockchain raises. We will examine both blockchain and directed acyclic graph ledgers and different consensus protocols, including both proof of stake and proof of work. We will explore the history and evolution of cryptocurrencies, especially through so-called forks. We will examine the use of blockchain not just for payments, but also for tracking financial assets and land, trading computer storage and processing power, and even for game play. We will examine the novel ways in which blockchain startups are funded, including the pre-sale of utility tokens to investors. We will also consider legal issues such as the tax treatment of ICOs and cryptocurrency trades, whether tokens are securities, the fiduciary duties of developers under corporate law, and money-laundering concerns with cryptocurrencies. Students will be expected to either write a white paper, a legal memo, or industry and investment analyses of a firm. Participation may be considered in final grading.
- Winter 2020, Anup Malani
- Winter 2019, Anup Malani
This seminar develops and applies the student's knowledge of taxation and corporate and securities law in the solution of a series of transactional problems involving typical steps in business formation and rearrangement. The problems include the formation of a closely held company; the transition to public ownership of the corporation; executive compensation arrangements; the purchase and sale of a business; and mergers, tender offers, and other types of combination transactions. Small-group discussions and lectures are employed. The student's grade is based on a final examination; students may earn an additional credit by writing a paper on a topic approved by the instructors. The student must have taken (or be taking concurrently) Business Organizations and Corporate Tax I or receive instructor approval.
- Winter 2020, Keith Crow and Anthony Sexton
- Winter 2018, Keith Crow and Anthony Sexton
Comparative and European Corporate Law
The globalization of commerce underscores the importance of European corporate law, especially for multinational enterprises. This course covers the fundamentals of European corporate law in an international and comparative perspective. It aims at providing an introduction to the most important corporate law issues and problems encountered by firms that do business in the European Union (EU). At the same time, the course seeks to introduce students to the complex interplay between EU rules and those of the 28 Member States. Frequent comparisons will be drawn to the relationship between state and federal law in the United States. The course adopts a life-cycle approach to corporations, i.e. it tracks the European rules on company formation, going public and restructuring/insolvency in a comparative perspective.
The course is divided into five parts. The first part introduces the institutional framework of EU business law. This part will focus on the law-making process in the EU, the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality and on the four freedoms that are fundamental to the common market. The second part covers key corporate law issues such as company formation and corporate governance, creditor protection and financial reporting, structural changes (including cross-border mobility and regulatory competition between the Member States), and European Corporate Entities (especially the Societas Europaea). The third part on capital markets covers control transactions and golden shares, the governance of primary and secondary financial markets and (briefly) banking. The fourth part on bankruptcy deals with key elements of the European bankruptcy framework, namely, the European Insolvency Regulation and the European Restructuring Directive. An important theme here will be forum shopping and regulatory competition. Finally, the fifth part addresses two key challenges for the further development of the European law governing business organizations: the departure of the United Kingdom from the EU ('Brexit') and technological advances, in particular associated with 'Artificial Intelligence'.
The primary focus of the course will be on the existing legal framework. However, policy issues will also be discussed were appropriate (proportion of law to policy approximately two to one). The European legal framework will be compared frequently to other jurisdictions. Within Europe, the focus will be on the UK, France, and Germany. Comparisons will also be drawn to the legal position and the policy debates in the US. Students planning to register for the course should have a basic prior knowledge of corporate law. This is a short class meeting from Friday, October 25 through Friday, December 6. Class will not meet on Friday, November 8. A make-up class is scheduled for Thursday, November 14 from 6:10pm-7:55pm.
- Autumn 2019, Horst Eidenmueller
- Autumn 2017, Horst Eidenmueller
Compliance and Regulatory Strategy
Companies and individuals face potentially draconian global regulatory exposure based upon increasingly strict expectations that companies have state of the art governance, risk and compliance programs. For companies, these sanctions can at best result in plummeting share prices, and at worst the shutting down of an enterprise. For individuals, they can result in incarceration, fines, penalties and removal from the business. Plus, the emergence of new technologies creates further compliance challenges. By placing students in the context of a corporate executive, board member or counsel, students will learn the fundamental principles and tools to prepare them to both design compliance programs and engage with regulators to mitigate these risks. While many of these principles apply to all industries, we will explore these issues primarily through the lens of the financial services sector, which includes banks, brokerage firms, investment companies and investment advisers. Students will also learn the fundamentals of regulatory regimes overseeing these businesses, as well as strategies for successfully engaging the regulators. We will explore how the design and execution of these programs can avoid or limit potential liabilities from regulatory and criminal authorities, as well as how a firm can enhance its brand, meet the expectations of its board of directors and create value for its shareholders. The grade is based on a series of short reaction papers, attendance and class participation. While courses which contain elements of securities or financial services regulation would be helpful, they are not required. However, the course should be limited to students who have completed their first year, whether in the Law School, the Booth School of Business or other graduate level programs at the university.
- Spring 2021, Charles Vincent Senatore
- Spring 2020, Charles Vincent Senatore
Corporate and Entrepreneurial Finance
This course uses the case method to study the practical aspects of important topics in corporate and entrepreneurial finance. We will apply the concepts and techniques of corporate finance to actual situations. The course is divided into four sections: (1) financing decisions; (2) investment decisions; (3) private equity; and (4) venture capital. In addition to analyzing financing issues, we will consider how those issues relate to firm strategy. It will be important to examine the "big picture" assumptions used in the numerical calculations. This course also places a strong emphasis on presentation and discussion skills. COURSE PROCEDURES For each class meeting, I will assign study questions concerning one or two cases. You are allowed and encouraged, but not required to meet in groups outside of class to discuss and analyze the cases. Each group will submit a two-page memorandum of analysis and recommendations at the beginning of each case discussion. If you are working in a group, I will accept one memorandum from the group and count it for all students in the group. group can include up to 3 students. GRADING will be based on class participation, the short memoranda and a final examination. Class participation will count for 40% of the final grade. Because so much of the learning in this course occurs in the classroom, it is very important that you attend every class. The memoranda will count for 10% of the final grade. The final examination will count for 50% of the final grade. The final examination will be an individual take home case analysis. Students should have an understanding of financial statements. I.e., students should be able to read an income statement, cash flow statement and balance sheet.
- Spring 2021, Steven N. Kaplan
- Spring 2020, Steven N. Kaplan
- Spring 2019, Steven N. Kaplan
- Spring 2018, Steven N. Kaplan
Derivatives in the Post-Crisis Marketplace
In this seminar, we will explore the vital role that derivatives such as futures, forwards, options and swaps play in the financial system and the impact that post-crisis reforms have had on the derivatives marketplace. We will begin with a brief history of derivatives, an introduction to the core building blocks of the product and an overview of the agencies, regulations and statutes governing derivatives use, including the Bankruptcy Code and similar restructuring and resolution laws. We will then explore the role that derivatives played in the financial crisis and discuss the regulatory architecture put in place to mitigate the perceived risks of derivatives both in the U.S. under the 2010 Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and abroad under various regimes. In order to understand some of the law's grey areas, we will also discuss pivotal case law, including Metavante and Lomas. Turning to the future, we will evaluate changes in the current marketplace, explore trends in derivatives use and delve into new trading architectures such as central clearing and blockchain, with a particular focus on the regulatory challenges these technologies pose and due consideration to the current tumultuous macroeconomic climate. We will conclude with an in-depth discussion of the credit default swap auction process by reference to case studies such as Codere, Hovnanian, iHeart and Windstream. Grades will be based on a paper (20-25 pages) on a topic of the student's choice as well as class participation.
- Autumn 2020, Jaime A. Madell
- Autumn 2019, Jaime A. Madell
Drafting Contracts: The Problem of Ambiguity
This seminar is unique. It is a very interesting, very intellectual, and very practical learning experience. The main features are: 1. Students will learn some extremely useful tools for analyzing and drafting contracts. They will acquire them by an inductive process of reviewing many examples of ambiguity from case law, eminent legal scholars, and the lecturer's practice. They will learn to identify and eliminate ambiguity in drafting contracts. These tools are the creation of the lecturer and will give students unique practical skills that no other American law students (except the lecturer's prior students) have. 2. The course materials come from the in-house seminars for the firm's China Practice lawyers that the lecturer conducted for many years as a partner at Baker & McKenzie and that established the profession's best practices for China-related contracts. 3. The historical examples of ambiguity in the seminar are of human, as well as intellectual, interest. They show that ambiguity can lead to the hanging of an individual for piracy or treason, a damages award of more than U.S. $10 billion, and even a change in the course of World War II. 4. The seminar facilitates student learning. At the beginning of each class, an audience response system ("clickers") provides students immediate, comparative, and anonymous feedback on their understanding of the reading assignment. The course also allows each student to see what he or she has learned in the course by comparing his or her analysis of a specific contract for the first class and for the last class. This contract analysis, like the final exam, gives each student the experience of a practicing lawyer reviewing a contract. Grades will be based on a proctored in-class final exam.
- Autumn 2019, Preston Mccullough Torbert
Employee Benefits Law
This seminar will provide an introduction to the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) and other federal statutes regulating employee benefit plans in the private sector. The course will cover many types of plans, including defined benefit pension plans, individual account retirement plans (such as 401(k) plans), medical plans, other welfare benefit plans and executive compensation programs. It will provide a basic understanding of fiduciary standards governing plan administration and the investment of plan assets; minimum standards for benefits and funding; benefit claim dispute resolution procedures and standards of judicial review; federal preemption of state laws; and key issues which arise in ERISA litigation. The course is intended for students interested in a broader labor and employment practice; a mergers and acquisitions or general corporate practice; or a civil litigation practice. Although our primary mission will be to prepare students for the practice of law, we also will explore whether the law governing employee benefit plans is operating effectively and in accordance with its stated purposes. Students will be graded on class participation and on short reaction and/or research papers. There are no prerequisites required for this seminar.
- Autumn 2020, Charles Benno Wolf
- Autumn 2019, Charles Benno Wolf and Philip Luther Mowery
- Spring 2019, Charles Benno Wolf and Philip Luther Mowery
- Autumn 2018, Charles Benno Wolf and Philip Luther Mowery
Estate Planning and Drafting
This seminar in estate planning and drafting meets the ABA definition of an experiential course. The seminar will give students experience in drafting specific provisions of wills and trust instruments, including provisions relating to the use of class gifts, conditions of survival, and powers of appointment. The seminar also will give students the experience of drafting a will for a live client. Students will be graded on a series of experiential assignments, including the will-drafting project, and on class participation. Prerequisite: Trusts and Estates: Wealth Management and Transmission (LAWS 45211). Students who took Advanced Trusts and Estates (LAWS 45221) in Spring Quarter 2019 are not eligible to enroll.
- Spring 2021, Thomas Gallanis Jr.
- Spring 2020, Thomas Gallanis Jr.
Global income and wealth are highly concentrated. The richest 2% of the population own about half of the global assets. Per capita income in the United States is around $47,000 and in Europe it is around $30,500, while in India it is $3,400 and in Congo, it is $329. There are equally unsettling inequalities in longevity, health, and education. In this interdisciplinary seminar, we ask what duties nations and individuals have to address these inequalities and what are the best strategies for doing so. What role must each country play in helping itself? What is the role of international agreements and agencies, of NGOs, of political institutions, and of corporations in addressing global poverty? How do we weigh policies that emphasize growth against policies that emphasize within-country equality, health, or education? In seeking answers to these questions, the class will combine readings on the law and economics of global development with readings on the philosophy of global justice. A particular focus will be on the role that legal institutions, both domestic and international, play in discharging these duties. For, example, we might focus on how a nation with natural resources can design legal institutions to ensure they are exploited for the benefit of the citizens of the country. Students will be expected to write a paper (20-25 pages), which may qualify for substantial writing credit. Non-law students need instructor consent to enroll. Class participation may also be considered in final grading.
- Winter 2021, Martha C. Nussbaum and David Weisbach
- Winter 2019, Martha C. Nussbaum and David Weisbach
Greenberg Seminar: Troubled Cities
*All meetings will take place in Winter and Spring quarters of 2021.* We can start with discussing the movie American Factory (available on Netflix), about the re-opening, but then the clash between management and workers, of a factory closed by General Motors in Dayton, Ohio, but then purchased by a Chinese company determined to re-purpose its workforce. We will then discuss The Poisoned City, and the story of Flint Michigan's troubled water supply, and Why Nations Fail, a more academic book considering the larger question of the rise and fall and rise again of conglomerations of people. We might also talk about The Rise of the Creative Class, a book that suggests that the cities most of you yearn to live in, are not made great by people like us but rather by off-beat artistic types. We are open to suggestions for a different book or film. Graded Pass/Fail.
- Spring 2021, Saul Levmore and Julie Roin
- Winter 2021, Saul Levmore and Julie Roin
Introductory Income Taxation
This class provides an introduction to the design and operation of the federal income tax. Topics covered in this class include the definition of income, deductions, the tax treatment of gains and losses generated by sales and other dispositions of assets, realization and other timing issues, and tax shelters. The class uses a combination of lectures, problems, and class discussions to teach students about the interplay of the Internal Revenue Code, regulations and other agency interpretations of the Code, and judicial opinions in the administration of tax law. This class will also look into the policies underlying the design of the tax system. There are no prerequisites for this course. This class has a final take-home examination.
*Depending on the enrollment outcome, this course may qualify to be all in person.
- Autumn 2020, Julie Roin
- Spring 2020, Daniel Hemel
- Autumn 2019, Julie Roin
- Spring 2019, Daniel Hemel
- Autumn 2018, Julie Roin
- Spring 2018, Dhammika Dharmapala
- Winter 2018, Daniel Hemel
- Autumn 2017, Julie Roin
Legal Elements of Accounting
This mini-class introduces accounting from a mixed law and business perspective. It covers basic concepts and vocabulary of accounting, not so much to instill proficiency with the mechanics of debits and credits as to serve as a foundation from which to understand financial statements. The course then examines accounting from a legal perspective, including consideration of common accounting decisions with potential legal ramifications. It also analyzes throughout the reasons for and roles of financial accounting and auditing, as well as the incentives of various persons involved in producing, regulating, and consuming financial accounting information. The seminar will touch on some limitations of, and divergent results possible under, generally accepted accounting principles. Current cases, proposals, and controversies will be discussed. Attendance and participation will be very important. Grades will be based on a final exam. Students with substantial prior exposure to accounting (such as students with an MBA, joint MBA/JD students, and undergraduate finance or accounting majors) may not take the course for credit. This is a 9 day short class that will meet 1/11-1/15 and 1/19-1/22.
- Winter 2021, John R. Sylla
- Winter 2020, John R. Sylla
- Winter 2019, John R. Sylla
- Winter 2018, John R. Sylla
This course explores the laws and policies governing nonprofit organizations and charitable giving. Topics covered include: the formation, dissolution, and restructuring of nonprofit organizations; fiduciary duties of officers and directors; criteria for exemption from federal income tax; political activities of nonprofit organizations; rules governing private foundations; deductibility of charitable contributions; and the tax treatment of social welfare organizations, labor unions, business leagues, social clubs, and fraternal organizations. Students will have several opportunities throughout the quarter to meet and speak with leaders of local nonprofit organizations, who will be guests in the seminar. Grades will be based on a final examination. Instructor's approval is required for students who have not completed or are not currently enrolled in Introductory Income Tax.
- Spring 2021, Daniel Hemel
- Winter 2018, Daniel Hemel
- Spring 2019, Daniel Hemel
A review of the principles of partnership taxation, with an emphasis on the tax consequences of the formation, operation and dissolution of partnerships. Matters discussed include the treatment of leverage, capital accounts, disguised sales, mixing bowls, anti-abuse rules and other aspects of partnership taxation. This class has a final exam. Participation may be considered in final grading. Prerequisite: Introductory Income Tax.
- Spring 2021, Richard M. Lipton and Maher Haddad
- Spring 2020, Richard M. Lipton and Maher Haddad
- Spring 2019, Richard M. Lipton
Project and Infrastructure Development and Finance
This seminar is focused on the development and project financing of infrastructure facilities. These transactions feature a wide variety of commercial agreements and financial instruments, legal and financial structuring, and a significant role for lawyers. Public private partnership structures will be examined. Representative transactions, principally in the energy, transportation and public infrastructure sectors, will be selected for analysis and discussion. Infrastructure projects such as these provide a convenient vehicle for discussion of contractual provisions, structuring parameters, financial analysis, and legal practice issues common to a broad range of business and financial transactions. The classes will be discussion oriented; there will be be 3-4 short papers, an analytical paper of at least 10- 13 pages based on a case study and class participation. There are no pre-requisites, although basic corporation law is recommended. The readings will be taken from textbooks, professional journals, and actual commercial and financial contracts. A speaker from the financial community with a wide range of experience is expected. Enrollment is limited to 20 students.
Participation may be considered in final grading.
- Autumn 2020, Martin Jacobson
- Autumn 2019, Martin Jacobson
- Autumn 2018, Martin Jacobson
- Autumn 2017, Martin Jacobson
Retail Law and Transactions
This seminar addresses the principal legal issues and commercial challenges facing the retail sector. Particular attention will be paid to relations with vendors and other third-party business associates, and customers, the effect of the evolving economy on these relations, and the challenges and opportunities brought about by globalization, technology, social media, e-commerce, and changing consumer tastes. Students will develop an understanding of key corporate, IP, contracting, sourcing, regulatory and other legal issues and practice pitfalls. The instructors will emphasize the practical interplay and tension between commercial realities and legal requirements, and strive to demonstrate the increasing professional burdens and responsibilities to which "in-house" counsel are subject." The class will participate in multiple role-playing scenarios, including contract negotiations and a crisis management reenactment. Final grade will be based on: substantial out of classroom work, group projects. Participation may be considered in final grading.
- Spring 2021, Peter Afendoulis
- Spring 2020, David Zarfes and Joshua Evan Avratin
- Spring 2019, David Zarfes
- Spring 2018, David Zarfes
Structuring Venture Capital, Private Equity, and Entrepreneurial Transactions
Course covers tax, legal, & economic principles applicable to series of interesting, complex, current entrepreneurial transactions, utilizing venture capital (VC) or private equity (PE) financing, including (1) new business start-up, (2) growth-equity investment in existing business enterprise, (3) leveraged buyout of private or public company (including going-private transaction), (4) use of both double-tax C corp and flow-through single-tax S corp, partnership, or LLC for variety of VC or PE financed transactions, (5) devising equity-based exec comp program, (6) PE financed restructuring or workout (in or out of bankruptcy) for troubled over-leveraged enterprise and utilizing troubled corp's NOL post-restructuring, (7) exit scenarios for successful VC or PE financed enterprise (such as IPO, series of SEC rule 144 stock sales, sale of company, or merger of company into larger enterprise), & (8) forming VC, PE, or LBO fund.
Substantive subjects include federal income tax, federal securities regulation, state corp, partnership, & LLC law, federal bankruptcy law, fraudulent conveyance law, & other legal doctrines, as well as accounting rules (for exec comp and acquisition accounting) & practical structuring issues (including use of common & preferred stock, subordinated or mezzanine debt, convertible debt & preferred stock, warrants, options, & substantial-risk-of-forfeiture stock), all reviewed in transactional context, with discussion of policy underpinnings & likely future evolution.
No specific prerequisites, but introductory income tax strongly recommended, entity taxation desirable, & knowledge of corp law, securities regulation, bankruptcy, & accounting helpful. However, course book & course book appendix contain sufficient discussion & supplemental material so student can (with careful reading) adequately comprehend these topics. Grade based on final take-home examination. Instructor consent not required.
- Spring 2021, Stephen Laurence Ritchie and Mike Carew
- Spring 2020, Jack Levin and Donald Rocap
- Spring 2019, Jack Levin and Donald Rocap
- Spring 2018, Jack Levin and Donald Rocap
Tax Issues in Bankruptcy
This seminar provides a basic background in tax issues that affect troubled companies, with special attention to tax issues that arise in bankruptcy cases and insolvency workouts. The seminar will primarily focus on corporations in bankruptcy under Chapter 11, but there will also be discussion of the tax effects on individuals and partnerships. Specific topics to be covered include modifying debt and its consequences, the exclusion for discharge of indebtedness income, taxable versus tax-free reorganizations of companies in bankruptcy, special net operating loss change in ownership rules, and certain related consolidated return considerations. This class has a final take-home exam.
Introductory Income Tax is a prerequisite. If someone has not taken Intro. Income Tax, enrollment may be permitted with consent of instructor.
- Spring 2020, Anthony Vincenzo Sexton and Thad Willbern Davis
Taxation of Corporations I
This course examines income tax aspects of the formations, distributions, and liquidations of corporations. The focus is on transactional and planning aspects of the corporate tax. Prerequisite: Introductory Income Taxation required except with permission of the instruction. The student's grade is based on class participation and a final examination.
- Winter 2021, David A. Weisbach (as Corporate Tax I)
- Winter 2020, David A. Weisbach (as Corporate Tax I)
Taxation of Corporations II
This course surveys the taxation mergers and acquisitions. including taxable acquisition structures, tax-free reorganizations. Prerequisites: Taxation of Corporations I. Students' grades based on a final take-home examination or a full-length paper.
Prerequisites: Taxation of Corporations I or Corporate Tax I
- Spring 2020, David A. Weisbach (as Corporate Tax II)
U.S. Taxation of International Transactions
This course provides a survey of the US tax treatment of both inbound (foreign investment in the US) and outbound (US investment abroad) transactions. Though the principal focus of the class is on the US tax rules, some attention is paid to the interaction between US and foreign tax systems through the operation of the tax credit and tax treaties. Introductory Income Tax is a recommended prerequisite. Students' grades will be based on a three-hour examination.
- Winter 2021, Julie Roin
- Winter 2020, Julie Roin
- Winter 2019, Julie Roin
- Winter 2018, Julie Roin