Anup Malani
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Anup Malani

Lee and Brena Freeman Professor of Law

Anup Malani is the Lee and Brena Freeman Professor at the University of Chicago Law School and a Professor at the Pritzker School of Medicine. He is also a University Scholar at Resources for the Future in Washington, a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research in Boston, a Senior Fellow at the Schaeffer Center at the University of Southern California, an editor at the Journal of Law and Economics, and on the board of the Becker-Friedman Institute.

Malani is the co-founder and Faculty Director of the International Innovation Corps, a social service program that sends teams of University of Chicago and foreign university graduates to work on innovative development projects with government officials in India and Brazil. He is also the Faculty Director of the Tata Centre for Development, which undertakes and evaluates development interventions in India and trains Indian government and NGO officials.

Malani has a PhD in economics and a JD, both from University of Chicago. He clerked for Judge Stephen Williams on the US Court of Appeals for District of Columbia and Justice Sandra Day O’Connor on the US Supreme Court.

Malani conducts research in law and economics, health economics and development economics. His law and economics research focuses on judicial behavior and measuring the welfare impact of laws. His health economics research focuses on the value of medical innovation and health care insurance, control of infectious diseases, placebo effects, and conflicts of interest in medicine. Malani’s development economics work focuses on health care supply and financing in India and the growth of and quality of life in urban slums. He is the principal investigator on the Indian Health Insurance Experiment, an 11,000 household randomized controlled trial of health insurance in Karnataka, India, and on a large-scale impact evaluation of Mission Kakatiya, a major effort to expand rainfall capture as means of irrigation in Telangana, India. Malani’s research has been published in leading journals in a number of different fields, including the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the Journal of Political Economy, the Journal of Econometrics, the Harvard Law Review, the University of Chicago Law Review, the Archives of Internal Medicine, and Theoretical Population Biology. Malani teaches courses in commercial law, health law, the canons of American legal thought, law and economics and law and development in the Law School and a PhD course in law and economics in the Economics Department.


The University of Chicago
PhD in economics, August 2003

  • Advisers: Gary Becker, Willard Manning, Tomas Philipson (chair)

The University of Chicago Law School
JD, high honors, June 2000

Georgetown University
BSFS, cum laude, May 1992


The University of Chicago Law School
Lee and Brena Freeman Professor of Law, June 2011-present
Professor of Law and Aaron Director Research Scholar, July 2006-June 2011
Visiting Professor, July 2005-June 2006 

The University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy
Faculty Director, Tata Centre for Development at UChicago, April 2016-present 
Founder and Faculty Director, International Innovation Corps (, June 2013-present 

The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Professor, July 2010-present 

National Bureau of Economic Research
Research Associate, Health Care, September 2012-present

The University of Southern California
Senior Fellow, Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy & Economics, August 2012-present

Forum for Health Economics & Policy
Associate editor, July 2012-June 2014

Center for Disease Dynamics and Economic Policy Washington, DC
Senior fellow, July 2010-June 2013

The University of Chicago
Committee on Clinical and Translational Science, Biological Sciences Division, December 2009-present

Resources for the Future Washington DC
University fellow, June 2008-present

National Bureau of Economic Research
Faculty research fellow, Health Care, April 2009-September 2012

Harvard Law School
Roscoe Pound Visiting Professor and Visiting Director, Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology and Bioethics, September 2008-April 2009
Visiting Professor, September 2006-December 2006

Journal of Law & Economics
Editor, July 2007–present

The University of Virginia Law School
Associate Professor, July 2002-June 2006

The University of Virginia School of Medicine
Associate Professor, Health Evaluation Sciences, September 2004-June 2006

Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, U.S. Supreme Court
Law Clerk, 2001-2002

Judge Stephen F. Williams, U.S. Court of Appeals - D.C. Circuit
Law Clerk, 2000-2001

Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen and Katz New York, NY 
Summer Associate, 1999

Kellogg, Huber, Hansen, Todd and Evans Washington, D.C.
Summer Associate, 1999

The University of Chicago, Economics Department
Lecturer, 1997-1999

Chicago Partners
Economist, 1996-1997

Institute for International Economics Washington, D.C.
Research Associate, 1992-1994

Books (Editor)

  • The Future of Healthcare Reform in the United States. (University of Chicago Press, 2015) (edited with Michael H. Schill).
  • Extending the Cure: Policy Responses to the Growing Threat of Antibiotic Resistance. (Resources for the Future, 2007) (edited with Ramanan Laxminarayan, David Howard & David Smith).

Journal Articles

  • "Challenges To Reducing Discrimination And Health Inequity Through Existing Civil Rights Laws," 36 Health Affairs 1041 (2017) (with Amitabh Chandra & Michael Frakes ).
  • "Making Doctrinal Work More Rigorous: Lessons from Systematic Reviews," 84 University of Chicago Law Review 37 (2017) (with William Baude & Adam S. Chilton ).
  • "A Call for Developing a Field of Positive Legal Methodology," 84 University of Chicago Law Review 1 (2017) (with William Baude & Adam S. Chilton ).
  • "The Insurance Value of Medical Innovation," 145 Journal of Public Economics 94 (2017) (with Darius Lakdawalla & Julian Reif).
  • "Interpreting Pre-Trends as Anticipation: Impact on Estimated Treatment Effects from Tort Reform," 124 Journal of Public Economics 1 (2015) (with Julian Reif).
  • "The Need for Better Evidence to Evaluate the Health & Economic Benefits of India's Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana," 142 Indian Journal of Medical Research 383 (2015) (with Arindam Nandi, E. Phoebe Holtzman & Ramanan Laxminarayan).
  • "Learning During a Crisis: The SARS Epidemic in Taiwan," 112 Journal of Development Economics 1 (2015) (with Daniel Bennett & Chun-fang Chiang ).cu
  • "Incentives for Reporting Disease Outbreaks," 9 PLoS ONE 1 (2014) (with Ramanan Laxminarayan & Julian Reif ).
  • "Trial Court Budgets, the Enforcer's Dilemma, and the Rule of Law," 2014 University of Illinois Law Review 1573 (2014) (with Scott Baker).cu www
  • "Renegotiation Design by Contract," 81 University of Chicago Law Review 151 (2014) (with Richard T. Holden).
  • "Advertisements Impact the Physiological Efficacy of a Branded Drug," 110 Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences of the United States Of America 12931 (2013) (with Emir Kamenica & RobertNaclerio ).
  • "Raising the Stakes in Patent Cases," 101 Georgetown Law Journal 637 (2013) (with Jonathan Masur).ssrn cu
  • "Policy Preferences and Legal Interpretation," 1 Journal of Law and Courts 115 (2013) (with Ward Farnsworth & Dustin F. Guzior).
  • "Economic Epidemiology of Avian Influenza on Smallholder Poultry Farms," 90 Theoretical Population Biology 135 (2013) (with Maciej Boni & Alison Galvani & Abraham Wickelgren ).
  • "The Hot–Cold Decision Triangle: A Framework for Healthier Choices," 23 Marketing Letters 457 (2012) (with Haiyang Yang, Ziv Carmon, Barbara Kahn & Janet Schwartz, Kevin Volpp & Brian Wansink).
  • "Accounting for Heterogeneous Treatment Effects in the FDA Approval Process," 67 Food and Drug Law Journal 23 (2012) (with Oliver Van Der Bembom & Mark van der Laan).
  • "Incentives for Reporting Infectious Disease Outbreaks," 46 Journal of Human Resources 176 (2011) (with Ramanan Laxminarayan).
  • "Valuing Laws as Local Amenities," 121 Harvard Law Review 1273 (2008).
  • "Antibiotic Overuse: The Influence of Social Norms," 207 Journal of the American College of Surgeons 265 (2008) (with Timothy G. Buchman & Jonathan Dushoff & Mark B. Effron & Paul R. Ehrlich & Susan Fitzpatrick & Ramanan Laxminarayan & Bruce Levin & Simon A. Levin & Marc Lipsitch ) (Other authors: Carol Nemeroff, Sarah P. Otto, Vimla L. Patel, and Joseph S. Solomkin).
  • "Regulation with Placebo Effects," 58 Duke Law Journal 411 (2008).
  • "Does Nonprofit Status Signal Quality?," 37 Journal of Legal Studies 551 (2008) (with Guy David).
  • "Current Research on Medical Malpractice Liability," 36 Journal of Legal Studies S1 (2007).
  • "The Case for For-Profit Charities," 93 Virginia Law Review 2017 (2007) (with Eric Posner).
  • "Habeas Settlements," 92 Virginia Law Review 1 (2006).
  • "Corporate Philanthropy and the Market for Altruism," 109 Columbia Law Review 571 (2009) (with M. Todd Henderson).ssrn cu
  • "Determinants of Direct Foreign Investment and Its Connection to Trade," 1994 UNCTAD Review 39 (1994) (with Gary Hufbauer & Darius Lakdawalla).

Book Sections

  • "The Complex Relationship between Healthcare Reform and Innovation," in The Future of Healthcare Reform in the United States, Michael H. Schill & Anup Malani eds. (University of Chicago Press, 2015).
  • "The Complex Relationship between Healthcare Reform and Innovation," in The Future of Healthcare Reform in the United States, Michael H. Schill & Anup Malani eds. (University of Chicago Press, 2015).
  • "Introduction," in The Future of Healthcare Reform in the United States, Anup Malani & Michael H. Schill eds. (University of Chicago Press, 2015) (with Michael H. Schill).
  • "Commentary (commenting on Jessica L. Cohen and William T. Dickens, Adoption of Over-the-Counter Malaria Diagnostics in Africa: The Role of Subsidies, Beliefs, Externalities,and Competition (2012))," in The Value of Information: Methodological Frontiers and New Applications in environment and Health, Ramanan Laxminarayan & Molly K. Macauley eds. (Springer, 2012).
  • "The Welfare Effects of FDA Regulation of Drugs," in The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of the Biopharmaceutical Industry, Patricia Danzon & Sean Nicholson eds. (2012) (with Tomas J. Philipson).
  • "Economics of Infectious Diseases," in The Oxford Handbook of Health Economics, Sherry Glied & Peter C. Smith eds. (2011) (with Ramanan Laxminarayan).
  • "Comment on Chapter 3 (Burman, Garrett and Khitatrakun)," in Conference on Taxes and Health Insurance: Analysis and Policy, Leonard E. Burman & Robert B. Helms eds. (Brookings Institution Press, 2008).
  • "Firm Behavior in the Non-Profit Sector: A Synthesis and Empirical Evaluation," in The Governance of Not-for-Profit Firms, Edward L Glaeser ed. (NBER/University of Chicago Press, 2003).

Working Papers

  • "The Insurance Value of Medical Innovation," NBER Working Paper, No. 21015 (2015) (with Darius Lakdawalla & Julian Reif).

Other Publications

  • Best of Both Worlds Uniting Universal Coverage and Personal Choice in Health Care, (American Enterprise Institute). 2013) (with Jayanta Bhattacharya & Amitabh Chandra & Michael Chernew ).
  • "Pay-for-delay or pay-for-innovation?," Forbes Online, July 15, 2010.
  • (2003) (PhD dissertation, University of Chicago).
  • "Capitalism 2.0," Forbes Online, March 10, 2008 (with M. Todd Henderson).

Organized Conferences and Seminars

The Methodological Underpinnings of Legal Research, University of Chicago, May 2016

Pharmaceutical Drug Development, Petrie Flom Center, Harvard Law School, June 2009 

Current Research on Medical Malpractice Liability, University of Chicago LawSchool, May 2006 

Sadie Lewis Webb Program in Law and Biomedicine’s Health Law and Policy Speakers Series, University of Virginia Law School, 2003 - 2005 

John M. Olin Conference on Empirical Research in Corporate, Securities, and Bankruptcy Law, University of Virginia Law School, Feb 2004 


Tulsa University, 2014

The University of Texas Law School, , 2014; 2010; 2009

Harvard Law School, 2014; 2011; 2009; 2008; 2007; 2006

The University of Chicago Medical School, 2014

Northwestern University Law School, 2013; 2008; 2006

ETH Zurich, 2013

The University of Chicago Law School, 2013; 2011; 2010; 2009; 2008; 2007; 2006; August 2005

California Institute of Technology, 2013

Harvard Medical School, 2013; 2008

3ie, New Delhi, 2013

DCP3 Conference, New Delhi, India, 2012

Johns Hopkins University, 2012

Rice University, 2012

Cornell University, 2012

American Law & Economics Association Annual Meetings, 2012; 2011; 2010; 2009; 2008; 2006; May 2005; May 2004 

The University of California-Los Angeles, 2011

NBER Summer Institute, 2011

The University of New South Wales, 2011 

World Bank, 2011; 2006 

The University of Southern California, 2011; October 2003

Conference on Empirical Legal Studies at Northwestern University, 2011 

Washington University School of Law, 2011; 2009; February 2005 

The University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy, 2010; 2008

Resources for the Future, 2010; 2009; 2006

Columbia Law School, 2010; February 2005

NBER Health Care Meetings, 2010

The University of Virginia Law School, 2010; 2006; September 2005; June 2005; April 2005; January 2005; August 2004; April 2004; January 2004

UCLA Business School, 2010

The University of Chicago Booth School of Business, 2010; 2009; 2008

PEPC meeting, 2010

The University of Michigan Law School, 2010; 2007

ASHE Annual Meetings, 2010

Harvard/MIT/BU joint health Workshop, 2009

University of California‐Berkeley Law School, 2009 

Georgia State Business School, 2009 

Wharton Business School, 2009 

NYU Law School, 2009 

MacLean Center Ethics Lecture at University of Chicago, 2009; 2007; 2006 

ASSA/AEA Annual Meetings, 2008

University of Arizona, 2008

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2008

Case Western Law School, 2008

Brookings Institution, 2008

AEI, 2008

The University of Georgia, 2008

The University of Chicago Department of Economics, 2008; October 2003; August 2003; March 2001; May 1999

Coase Lecture at University of Chicago, 2007

Yale Law School, 2007 

The University of Pennsylvania Law School, 2007; February 2002 

Duke/University of North Carolina Triangle Conference on Law & Economics, 2007 

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases Annual Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance, 2007 

CELS Conference, 2007 

Stanford Law School, 2007 

University of Illinois-Chicago, 2006

Midwest Law and Economics Conference, October 2005

The University of Virginia Department of Economics, May 2005; October 2002

Washington University Olin School of Business, February 2005

The University of Chicago conference on Pharmaceutical Innovation and Cost, November 2004;

Federal Reserve Bank of New York, September 2004

Princeton University Conference on Non-Profit Governance, September 2004

Georgetown University Law Center, September 2004

North American Summer Meeting of the Econometric Society, June 2004

George Mason University Interdisciplinary Center for Economic Science, April 2004

University of North Carolina Law School, March 2004

The University of California-Irvine, October 2003

NBER Conference on Not-for-Profit Organizations, January 2002

"Controlling Avian Influenza in Chickens," working paper with Maciej Boni, Allison Galvani, Abraham Wickelgren, June 2012

“The Problem of Rational Courts,” Unpublished manuscript with Scott Baker, June 2012

"The Nature and Development of Commercial Conflicts of Interest Disclosed in Medical Journal Articles," working paper with Laszlo Jakab and Christian Leuz, March 2012

"Unintended consequences of products liability: evidence from the pharmaceutical market," working paper with Eric Helland, Darius Lakdawalla, and Seth Seabury, March 2012

"Can Medical Progress be Sustained? Implications of the link between development and output markets," working paper with Tomas Philipson, March 2012

"Does Accuracy Improve the Information Value of Trials?," NBER working paper with Scott Baker, February 2012

"Learning During a Crisis: the SARS Epidemic in Taiwan," NBER working paper with Daniel Bennett and Chun-fang Chiang, October 2011

"Endogeneity or Anticipation Effects? Evidence from the Effect of Tort Reform on Physician Supply,” NBER working paper with Julian Reif, October 2011

"Can countries be incentivized to report disease outbreaks?," working paper with Ramanan Laxminarayan and Julian Reif, February 2011

"Civil rights laws and racial disparities in health care," working paper with Amitabh Chandra, Michael Frakes December 2010

"Tort Liability and the Market for Prescription Drugs," working paper with Eric Helland, Darius Lakdawalla, and Seth Seabury, April 2010

"Can individuals change their beliefs without altering their information set?," working paper, January 2010

"Rational Crises," working paper, March 2009

"Do advertisements affect the physiological efficacy of branded drugs?," working paper with Emir Kamenica, March 2009

"Finding Love in the Wreckage: Estimating Spousal Altruism with Data from Fatal Car Accidents," Ilya working paper with Beylin and David Abrams, January 2009

"Is there a fitness cost to antibiotic resistance: evidence from community-level data on E. Coli and S. Aureus," working paper with Ramanan Laxminarayan, January 2008

"Can the placebo effect be ethically studied?," working paper, June 2007

"Employing compliance to estimate heterogeneous treatment response in medical trials," working paper with Barton Hamilton, May 2007

"The Option Value of New Therapeutics," working paper with Feifang Hu, October 2004

"Are Non-profit Firms For-profits in Disguise? Evidence from the Nursing Home Industry," working paper with Albert Choi, September 2004

"Assessing the Merits of Reallocation under Joint and Several Liability, With an Application to Asbestos Litigation," working paper with Charles Mullin, August 2004

"The Internal Validity of Clinical Trials in the Presence of Placebo Effects," working paper, August 2003

"Does the Felony-Murder Rule Deter Crime? Evidence from FBI Crime Data," working paper, January 2002


  • Order of the Coif (2000)
  • Stepan Chemical Company Scholarship (1999-2000)
  • John M. Olin Fellowship in Law and Economics (1998-2000)
  • Bradley Foundation Fellowship (1997-2000)
  • Beale Prize (1997)
  • Distinction, Econometrics Field Exam, University of Chicago Department of Economics (1996)
  • University of Chicago Fellowship (1995-2000)
  • Metropolitan Life Insurance Scholar (1988-1990)


  • Tenure Review, Harvard University
  • Tenure Review, University of Michigan.


  • Referee, American Economics Review; American Law and Economics Review; Annals of Internal Medicine; Economic Journal; Health Affairs; International Review of Law and Economics; Journal of the American Medical Association; Journal of Labor Economics; Journal of Legal Studies; Journal of Political Economy; National Tax Journal; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; RAND Journal of Economics
  • Editor, Journal of Law and Economics (2007-present)