Anup Malani

Anup Malani

Lee and Brena Freeman Professor of Law

Anup Malani is the Lee and Brena Freeman Professor at the University of Chicago Law School and a Professor at the Pritzker School of Medicine. He is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research in Boston, a Senior Fellow at the Schaeffer Center at the University of Southern California, and an editor at the Journal of Law and Economics.

Malani is the co-founder and Faculty Director of the International Innovation Corps, a social service program that sends teams of University of Chicago and foreign university graduates to work on innovative development projects with government officials in India and Brazil. 

Malani has a PhD in economics and a JD, both from University of Chicago. He clerked for Judge Stephen Williams on the US Court of Appeals for District of Columbia and Justice Sandra Day O’Connor on the US Supreme Court.

Malani conducts research in law and economics, health economics and development economics. His law and economics research focuses on judicial behavior, measuring the welfare impact of laws, and, recently legal implications of blockchain. His health economics research focuses on the value of medical innovation and health care insurance, control of infectious diseases, placebo effects, and conflicts of interest in medicine. Malani’s development economics work focuses on health care supply and financing in India and the growth of and quality of life in urban slums. He is the principal investigator on the Indian Health Insurance Experiment, an 11,000 household randomized controlled trial of health insurance in Karnataka, India, and on a large-scale impact evaluation of Mission Kakatiya, a major effort to expand rainfall capture as means of irrigation in Telangana, India. Malani’s research has been published in leading journals in a number of different fields, including the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the Journal of Political Economy, the Journal of Econometrics, the Harvard Law Review, the University of Chicago Law Review, the Archives of Internal Medicine, and Theoretical Population Biology. Malani teaches courses in commercial law, health law, the canons of American legal thought, law and economics and law and development in the Law School and a PhD course in law and economics in the Economics Department.


The University of Chicago
PhD in economics, August 2003

The University of Chicago Law School
JD, high honors, June 2000

Georgetown University
BSFS, cum laude, May 1992


The University of Chicago Law School
Lee and Brena Freeman Professor of Law, June 2011-present
Professor of Law and Aaron Director Research Scholar, July 2006-June 2011
Visiting Professor, July 2005-June 2006 

The University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy
Faculty Director, Tata Centre for Development at UChicago, April 2016-August 2017 
Founder and Faculty Director, International Innovation Corps (, June 2013-present

The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Professor, July 2010-present 

National Bureau of Economic Research
Research Associate, Health Care, September 2012-present

The University of Southern California
Senior Fellow, Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy & Economics, August 2012-present

The University of Chicago
Committee on Clinical and Translational Science, Biological Sciences Division, December 2009-present

Resources for the Future Washington DC
University Fellow, July 2008-July 2011

Harvard Law School
Roscoe Pound Visiting Professor and Visiting Director, Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology and Bioethics, September 2008-April 2009
Visiting Professor, September 2006-December 2006

Journal of Law & Economics
Editor, July 2007–present

The University of Virginia Law School
Associate Professor, July 2002-June 2006

The University of Virginia School of Medicine
Associate Professor, Health Evaluation Sciences, September 2004-June 2006

Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, U.S. Supreme Court
Law Clerk, 2001-2002

Judge Stephen F. Williams, U.S. Court of Appeals - D.C. Circuit
Law Clerk, 2000-2001

Books (Editor)

  • The Future of Healthcare Reform in the United States. (University of Chicago Press, 2015) (edited with Michael H. Schill). cu
  • Extending the Cure: Policy Responses to the Growing Threat of Antibiotic Resistance. (Resources for the Future, 2007) (edited with Ramanan Laxminarayan, David Howard & David Smith). cu

Journal Articles

  • "Can Medical Progress be Sustained? Implications of the Link between Development and Output Markets," __ Journal of Human Capital __ (forthcoming) (with Tomas J. Philipson).
  • "Research Letter: Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Karnataka, India," JAMA, Journal of the American Medical Association __ (2021) (with Manoj Mohanan, Kaushik Krishnan & Anu Acharya). www
  • "Causal Inference with Interference and Noncompliance in Two-Stage Randomized Experiments," __ Journal of the American Statistical Association __ (2020) (forthcoming) (with Kosuke Imai & Zhichao Jiang ). www
  • "Labor Markets in Statistics: The Subject Supply Effect in Medical R&D," 13 Journal of Human Capital 293 (2019) (with Tomas J. Philipson).
  • "Civil Rights Laws: The Authors Reply," 36 Health Affairs 2212 (2017) (with Amitabh Chandra & Michael Frakes ). cu
  • "Challenges To Reducing Discrimination And Health Inequity Through Existing Civil Rights Laws," 36 Health Affairs 1041 (2017) (with Amitabh Chandra & Michael Frakes ). cu
  • "Making Doctrinal Work More Rigorous: Lessons from Systematic Reviews," 84 University of Chicago Law Review 37 (2017) (with William Baude & Adam Chilton ). ssrn cu
  • "The Insurance Value of Medical Innovation," 145 Journal of Public Economics 94 (2017) (with Darius Lakdawalla & Julian Reif). cu
  • "The Need for Better Evidence to Evaluate the Health & Economic Benefits of India's Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana," 142 Indian Journal of Medical Research 383 (2015) (with Arindam Nandi, E. . Holtzman & Ramanan Laxminarayan). cu
  • "Interpreting Pre-Trends as Anticipation: Impact on Estimated Treatment Effects from Tort Reform," 124 Journal of Public Economics 1 (2015) (with Julian Reif). cu
  • "Learning During a Crisis: The SARS Epidemic in Taiwan," 112 Journal of Development Economics 1 (2015) (with Daniel Bennett & Chun-fang Chiang ). cu
  • "Trial Court Budgets, the Enforcer's Dilemma, and the Rule of Law," 2014 University of Illinois Law Review 1573 (2014) (with Scott Baker). cu www
  • "Incentives for Reporting Disease Outbreaks," 9 PLoS ONE 1 (2014) (with Ramanan Laxminarayan & Julian Reif ). cu
  • "Renegotiation Design by Contract," 81 University of Chicago Law Review 151 (2014) (with Richard T. Holden). cu
  • "Advertisements Impact the Physiological Efficacy of a Branded Drug," 110 Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences of the United States Of America 12931 (2013) (with Emir Kamenica & Robert Naclerio ). cu
  • "Raising the Stakes in Patent Cases," 101 Georgetown Law Journal 637 (2013) (with Jonathan S. Masur). ssrn cu
  • "Policy Preferences and Legal Interpretation," 1 Journal of Law and Courts 115 (2013) (with Ward Farnsworth & Dustin F. Guzior). cu
  • "Economic Epidemiology of Avian Influenza on Smallholder Poultry Farms," 90 Theoretical Population Biology 135 (2013) (with Maciej Boni & Alison P. Galvani & Abraham L. Wickelgren ). cu
  • "The Hot–Cold Decision Triangle: A Framework for Healthier Choices," 23 Marketing Letters 457 (2012) (with Haiyang Yang, Ziv Carmon, Barbara Kahn & Janet Schwartz, Kevin Volpp & Brian Wansink). cu
  • "Accounting for Heterogeneous Treatment Effects in the FDA Approval Process," 67 Food and Drug Law Journal 23 (2012) (with Oliver Van Der Bembom & Mark Van Der Laan). cu
  • "Incentives for Reporting Infectious Disease Outbreaks," 46 Journal of Human Resources 176 (2011) (with Ramanan Laxminarayan). cu
  • "Corporate Philanthropy and the Market for Altruism," 109 Columbia Law Review 571 (2009) (with M. Todd Henderson). ssrn cu
  • "Patient Enrollment in Medical Trials: Selection Bias in a Randomized Experiment," 144 Journal of Econometrics 341 (2008). cu
  • "Valuing Laws as Local Amenities," 121 Harvard Law Review 1273 (2008). cu
  • "Regulation with Placebo Effects," 58 Duke Law Journal 411 (2008). cu
  • "Does Nonprofit Status Signal Quality?," 37 Journal of Legal Studies 551 (2008) (with Guy David). cu
  • "The Case for For-Profit Charities," 93 Virginia Law Review 2017 (2007) (with Eric A. Posner). cu
  • "Habeas Settlements," 92 Virginia Law Review 1 (2006). cu

Book Sections

  • "The Complex Relationship between Healthcare Reform and Innovation," in The Future of Healthcare Reform in the United States, Michael H. Schill & Anup Malani eds. (University of Chicago Press, 2015) (with Darius Lakdawalla & Julian Reif). cu
  • "The Complex Relationship between Healthcare Reform and Innovation," in The Future of Healthcare Reform in the United States, Michael H. Schill & Anup Malani eds. (University of Chicago Press, 2015). cu
  • "Introduction," in The Future of Healthcare Reform in the United States, Anup Malani & Michael H. Schill eds. (University of Chicago Press, 2015) (with Michael H. Schill). cu
  • "Commentary (commenting on Jessica L. Cohen and William T. Dickens, Adoption of Over-the-Counter Malaria Diagnostics in Africa: The Role of Subsidies, Beliefs, Externalities,and Competition (2012))," in The Value of Information: Methodological Frontiers and New Applications in environment and Health, Ramanan Laxminarayan & Molly K. Macauley eds. (Springer, 2012). cu
  • "The Welfare Effects of FDA Regulation of Drugs," in The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of the Biopharmaceutical Industry, Patricia Danzon & Sean Nicholson eds. (2012) (with Tomas J. Philipson). cu
  • "Economics of Infectious Diseases," in The Oxford Handbook of Health Economics, Sherry Glied & Peter C. Smith eds. (2011) (with Ramanan Laxminarayan). cu
  • "Comment on Chapter 3 (Burman, Garrett and Khitatrakun)," in Conference on Taxes and Health Insurance: Analysis and Policy, Leonard E. Burman & Robert B. Helms eds. (Brookings Institution Press, 2008). cu
  • "Firm Behavior in the Non-Profit Sector: A Synthesis and Empirical Evaluation," in The Governance of Not-for-Profit Firms, Edward L. Glaeser ed. (NBER/University of Chicago Press, 2003). cu

Working Papers

  • "Adaptive Control of COVID-19 Outbreaks in India: Local, Gradual, and Trigger-based Exit Paths from Lockdown," (2020) (with Satej Soman, Sam Asher, Paul Novosad, Clement Imbert, Vaidehi Tandel, Anish Agarwal, Abdullah Alomar, Arnab Sarker & Devavrat Shah). www
  • "Immunity Passports and Moral Hazard," (2020) (with Daniel Hemel). ssrn www
  • "Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 among workers returning to Bihar gives snapshot of COVID across India," MedRxiv(2020) (with Manoj Mohanan, Chanchal Kumar, Jake Kramer & Vaidehi Tandel). www
  • "Adverse selection does not explain why utilization rises with premiums: evidence from a health insurance experiment in India," (2020) (with Cynthia Kinnan, Alessandra Voena, Gabriella Conti & Kosuke Imai). www
  • "Can Blockchain Solve The Hold-Up Problem In Contracts?," NBER Working Paper(2019) (with Richard T. Holden). www
  • "The Welfare Implications of Health Insurance," NBER Working Paper, No. 24851 (2018) (with Sonia Jaffe). www
  • "Can Blockchain Solve the Holdup Problem in Contracts?," Coase-Sandor Working Paper Series in Law and Economics, No. 846 (2017) (with Richard T. Holden). cu www
  • "The Insurance Value of Medical Innovation," NBER Working Paper, No. 21015 (2015) (with Darius Lakdawalla & Julian Reif). www
  • "Judicial Learning and the Quality of Legal Rules," Unpublished Manuscript(2015) (with Scott Baker).
  • "Allocating Scarce Information," Working Paper(2013) (with Richard T. Holden). www
  • "Does Accuracy Improve the Information Value of Trials?," National Bureau of Economic Research Working Papers, No. 17036 (2011) (with Scott Baker). www
  • "Can Medical Progress be Sustained? Implications of the Link between Development and Output Markets," NBER Working Paper(2011) (with Tomas J. Philipson). www
  • "Does the Felony-Murder Rule Deter Crime? Evidence from FBI Crime Data," Working Paper(2002).

Other Publications

  • "Devising a vaccine strategy for India," Hindustan Times, January 7, 2021. www
  • www
  • "Federalist Society Online Conference on COVID-19 & the Law," The Volokh Conspiracy, June 2020. www
  • "Rethinking COVID-19 Testing Strategy," The Hindu Business Line, May 29, 2020 (with Manoj Mohanan, Satchit Balsari & Anu Acharya). www
  • "If Employers Require Workers to Have Antibodies, People Will Try to Get Sick," Washington Post Blogs, May 28, 2020 (with Daniel Hemel). www
  • "View: Combining Sampling and Testing Can Be Most Effective to Get the Economy Back On Track," The Economic Times, April 24, 2020 (with Anu Acharya & Manoj Mohanan). www
  • "Is There Really No Community Transmission of Coronavirus in India? Let's Do Some Math," Quartz India, April 23, 2020 (with David Kaiser, Rupam Bhattacharyya & Bhramar Mukherjee). www
  • "COVID-19: To Get an Accurate Estimate of the Spread, India Must Ensure Random Community Testing," Hindustan Times, April 6, 2020 (with Arpit Gupta & Reuben Abraham). www
  • www
  • "Trump Can't Save Us from the Coronavirus. But Governors and Mayors Can; The Most Important Actions in the Fight Will Be Taken at the State and Local Levels," Washington Post Blogs, March 16, 2020 (with Daniel Hemel). www
  • "Trump Can't Save Us from the Coronavirus. But Governors and Mayors Can," Washington Post, March 16, 2020 (with Daniel Hemel). www
  • "Land, Politics, and Insecurity in Slums: A Photo Essay," EPW Engage, January 23, 2020 (with Adam Chilton, Shafali Sharma & Lakshmee Sharma). www
  • "To Encourage New Housing, Tax It; Compensation for existing homeowners could break the regulatory logjam," Wall Street Journal, July 7, 2019. www
  • "Road Map for a Successful Modicare," Mint, March 6, 2018 (with Cynthia Kinnan). www
  • "Why the I.R.S. Fears Bitcoin," New York Times, January 22, 2018 (with Richard T. Holden). www
  • "Why America Needs a 'Do-Over' on Medicaid Reform," The Conversation, May 11, 2017 (with Darius Lakdawalla & Jayanta Bhattacharya). www
  • "How Republicans and Democrats Can Both Keep Their Promises on Health Care," The Conversation, March 2, 2017 (with Darius Lakdawalla). www
  • "Do You Know What the Affordable Care Act Does? Here’s a Primer to Help," The Conversation, February 27, 2017 (with Darius Lakdawalla). www
  • Best of Both Worlds Uniting Universal Coverage and Personal Choice in Health Care, (American Enterprise Institute). 2013) (with Jayanta Bhattacharya & Amitabh Chandra & Michael Chernew ). cu
  • "Pay-for-delay or pay-for-innovation?," Forbes Online, July 15, 2010. www
  • "Capitalism 2.0," Forbes Online, March 10, 2008 (with M. Todd Henderson). www

Organized Conferences and Seminars

The Methodological Underpinnings of Legal Research, University of Chicago, May 2016

Pharmaceutical Drug Development, Petrie Flom Center, Harvard Law School, June 2009 

Current Research on Medical Malpractice Liability, University of Chicago LawSchool, May 2006 

Sadie Lewis Webb Program in Law and Biomedicine’s Health Law and Policy Speakers Series, University of Virginia Law School, 2003 - 2005 

John M. Olin Conference on Empirical Research in Corporate, Securities, and Bankruptcy Law, University of Virginia Law School, Feb 2004 


  • Referee, American Economics Review; American Law and Economics Review; Annals of Internal Medicine; Economic Journal; Health Affairs; International Review of Law and Economics; Journal of the American Medical Association; Journal of Labor Economics; Journal of Legal Studies; Journal of Political Economy; National Tax Journal; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; RAND Journal of Economics
  • Editor, Journal of Law and Economics (2007-present)