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Brian Leiter : Presentations

Conference on Metaethics and Jurisprudence at Yale Law School, April 2015

Georgia State University Department of Philosophy, March 2015

University of Vienna Department of Philosophy, March 2015

“Why Tolerate Religion?,” Georgia State University School of Law; Emory University Center for Law and Religion, March 2015; Pacific Division of the American Philosophical Association Annual Meeting, April 2014; Center for Inquiry, April 2013; Carnegie Council, December 2012; Nassau Community College Department of Philosophy, December 2012; University College Dublin Department of Philosophy, November 2012; Faculty of Law at King Carlos III University, March 2012; Faculty of Law at Bocconi University, October 2011; Queen’s University School of Law, October 2011; Law and Religion Rountable at Northwestern University School of Law, June 2011 (discussion)

University of California-Riverside Department of Philosophy, February 2015

Pomona College Department of Philosophy, February 2015

International philosophy conference, OP Jindal Global University, November 2014 (keynote address)

“The Case Against Free Speech,” Human Rights Program at University of Palermo, October 2014; Julius Stone Address at University of Sydney Law School, August 2013

“Why Legal Positivism?,” European University Institute, October 2014; Symposium on Legal Positivism: For and Against at Annual Meeting of the Association of American Law Schools Section on Jurisprudence, January 2010

Fresco Lectures for Faculty of Law at University of Genoa, October 2014

Conference on Toleration, New York University-Abu Dhabi, September 2014

“Marx, Law, Ideology, Legal Positivism,” Conference on Jurisprudence and History at University of Virginia-Charlottesville Law School, September 2014; Central Division of the American Philosophical AssociationSection on Law & Philosophy Annual Meeting, February 2014

"Does religion deserve special legal protection?," Veritas Forum at Northwestern University, September 2014

“On the Esoteric Reading of Nietzsche,” Conference on Nietzsche, Value and Self-Constitution at Oxford University, May 2014

“The Truth is Terrible,” University of Toronto Department of Philosophy, March 2014; Hansford M. Epes Distinguished Lecture in the Humanities at Davidson College, November 2013; University College Dublin Department of Philosophy, November 2012; Nietzsche on Morality and the Affirmation of Life Conference at St. Peter’s College at Oxford University, November 2012; Conference on Nietzsche and Community at Wake Forest University, April 2012

“Nietzsche against the Philosophical Canon,” University of California-Riverside Department of Philosophy, February 2014; Annual Meeting of the Danish Philosophical Association, March 2013 (keynote address)“Is Religion Special? Toleration, Conscience, and Exemptions from the Law,”

University of Illinois-Chicago College of Medicine, January 2014

Pepperdine University School of Law, October 2013

Center for Inquiry, October 2013

Conference on the Role of Religious Institutions in a Democracy, Center for Church-State Studies at DePaul University Center for Law, September 2013

Washington University-St. Louis Department of Philosophy, September 2013

University of Missouri Department of Philosophy, September 2013

University of Otago Department of Philosophy Taylor Lecture, August 2013

Victoria University, Department of Philosophy, August 2013

Australian Society of Legal Philosophy Annual Meeting, August 2013 (keynote address)

“The Innocence of Becoming,” Moral Psychology and Responsibility: Empirical and Non-Empirical Perspectives Conference at University of Antwerp Centre for Law and Cosmopolitan Values, June 2013

“Nietzsche’s Naturalism Reconsidered,” Nietzsche’s Naturalism Reconsidered Conference at Institute for Advanced Study, 2013 (organized by Helmut Heit)

“The Methodology of Legal Philosophy," Florida State University College of Law, April 2013; Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, March 2013; Law & Philosophy Workshop at University of Pennsylvania, December 2012

“Legal Realisms, Old and New,” Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, March 2013; Seegers Lecture in Jurisprudence at Valparaiso University Law School, November 2012; New Frontiers of Legal Realism Conference at University of Copenhagen, May 2012

"In Praise of Realism,” Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, March 2013; University of Miami School of Law and Department of Philosophy, February 2010; Arizona State University, College of Law, October 2009; School of Law, University of San Diego, CA, April 2010; 1st Annual Distinguished Lecture in Jurisprudence at Legal Philosophy Club of Northwestern University School of Law, February 2009; University of Wisconsin-Madison Law School, December 2008; University of Tulsa College of Law, August 2008; Dunbar Lecture on Law and Philosophy at University of Mississippi, March 2008

“Moralities are a Sign-Language of the Affects,” Annual Meeting of the Central Division of the American Philosophical Association, February 2013; Conference on New Essays in Moral Philosophy at Social Philosophy & Policy Center and Arizona Freedom Center, January 2013; Project on Nietzsche and the Self at New University of Lisbon, March 2012; Bernd Magnus Lecture at University of California-Riverside, March 2012

“Moral Skepticism and Moral Disagreement in Nietzsche,” Practical Philosophy Workshop at Northwestern University, October 2012; Boston University Workshop on Late Modern Philosophy, October 2012; 9th Annual Metaethics Workshop at University of Wisconsin-Madison, September 2012; Georgetown University, April 2012; Moral Sciences Club at Cambridge University, October 2011; Queen’s University, October 2011; City University of New York Graduate Center, February 2011; Western Michigan University, December 2009; McMaster University, December 2009; 5th Annual Conference on Issues in the History of Modern Philosophy at New York University, November 2008

“The Demarcation Problem in Jurisprudence,” Law & Philosophy Workshop at Georgetown University, April 2012; Legal Philosophy Conference at McMaster University, May 2011 (keynote address); Conference on Jurisprudence and Value-Neutrality at University of Girona, May 2010

“The Boundaries of the Moral (and Legal) Community,” Meador Lecture at University of Alabama School of Law, September 2011

“The Law of Religious Liberty in a Tolerant Society,” Pennsylvania State University Dickinson School of Law, August 2011; Summer Workshop on Law, Religion & Culture, Law School at University of Colorado-Boulder, July 2011 (keynote address); Leon Green ’15 Lecture in Jurisprudence at University of Texas-Austin School of Law, March 2011; Fordham University School of Law, February 2011

Conference on Metaethics and Legal Judgment at Institute for Law and Philosophy of University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign, March 2011

“The Circumstances of Civility,” Civility and American Democracy Conference at Washington State University, March 2011

Why Tolerate Religion? Chapters 1-3, Cornell University Law School, October 2010; Legal Theory Workshop at Columbia University, October 2010

“The Radicalism of Legal Positivism,” Mary Olive Woods Lecture at Western Illinois University, September 2010

“Legal Formalism and Legal Realism: What is the Issue?,” University of California-Irvine School of Law, September 2010

“Foundations of Religious Liberty: Toleration or Respect?,” Conference on “Freedom of Conscience.” Institute for Law and Philosophy, University of San Diego, CA, April 2010; Analytic Legal Philosophy Conference at New York University School of Law April 2010; Society for Applied Philosophy Annual Meeting, December 2009; Conference on Respect, Global Justice, and Human Rights at Institute for Advanced Study, November 2009; Law & Philosophy Workshop at University of Michigan Law School, October 2009; MacMillan Center Initiative on Religion, Politics & Society at Yale University, March 2009

“Rorty and the Philosophical Tradition: A Comment on Professor Szubka,” Annual Meeting of the Central Division of the American Philosophical Association, February 2010

 

Conference on, “The Conditions for a Pragmatic Approach to the Norm: Reflections on the Recent Pragmatist Turn in Legal Philosophy,” Center for Philosophy of Law, University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium, June 2005 (participant and discussant)

“Does Naturalized Jurisprudence Change the Subject?” Conference on “The Challenge of Philosophical Naturalism,” Institute for Law & Philosophy, Rutgers University School of Law, Camden, NJ, June 2005.

“Why Evolutionary Biology is (so far) Irrelevant to Law.” College of Law, Florida State University, Tallahassee, September 2005.

“Nietzsche’s Theory of the Will.” Moral Sciences Club, Cambridge University, UK, October 2005.

“Nietzsche’s Theory of the Will.” Department of Philosophy, University of Manchester, UK, November 2005.

“Toleration and Religion.” Gardner/Honoré Seminar on Political Philosophy, Oxford University, UK, December 2005.

“Beyond the Hart/Dworkin Debate.” Department of Philosophy, University of Reading, December 2005.

“Philosophy of Law: The Current State of Play.” Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science and Faculty of Law, London School of Economics, December 2005.

“The Case for Nietzschean Moral Psychology.” Political Theory Group and Law School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, December 2005.

“The Case for Nietzschean Moral Psychology.” Committee on Law and Philosophy, College of Law, Arizona State University, Tempe, February 2006.

“Why Tolerate Religion?” ‘Or ‘Emet Lecture, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, Toronto, Canada, March 2006.

“Nietzsche’s Theory of the Will.” Department of Philosophy, Washington University, St. Louis, March 2006.

“Indeterminacy in the Law and the Ethical Obligations of Judges in Hard Cases.” Continuing Legal Education Seminar, Gardere Wynne Sewell LLP, Dallas, TX, July 2006.

“Why Tolerate Religion?” Faculty Workshop, Law School, University of Chicago, IL, October 2006.

“Why Tolerate Religion?” Keynote Address, Graduate Conference, Department of Philosophy, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Blacksburg, VA, November 2006.

“Why Tolerate Religion?” Chicago-Kent College of Law, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL, November 2006.

“Nietzsche’s Theory of the Will.” Department of Philosophy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, January 2007.

“Why Evolutionary Biology is (so far) Irrelevant to Law.” Institute for Law and Philosophy, Law School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, February 2007.

“Why Tolerate Religion?.” Law School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis-St. Paul, March 2007.

"Nietzsche’s Theory of the Will.” Department of Philosophy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis-St. Paul, March 2007.

“Nietzsche’s Theory of the Will.” Department of Philosophy, Colgate University, Hamilton, N.Y., March 2007.

“Why Tolerate Religion?” Department of Philosophy, Colgate University, Hamilton, N.Y., March 2007.

“Why Tolerate Religion?” Florence G. Kline Colloqium, Department of Philosophy, University of Missouri, Columbia, April 2007.

“Explaining Theoretical Disagreement.” Faculty of Law and Program in Social and Political Theory (Research School), Australian National University, Canberra, August 2007.

“Naturalizing Jurisprudence: Three Approaches.” Conference on “The Future of Naturalism,” Center for Inquiry Transnational and Department of Philosophy, State University of New York at Buffalo, September 2007.

“Explaining Theoretical Disagreement.” Law School, University of California, Los Angeles, October 2007.

“Explaining Theoretical Disagreement.” Institute for Philosophical Investigations, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, November 2007.

“Science and Methodology in Legal Theory.” Institute for Philosophical Investigations, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, November 2007.

“American Legal Realism” and “Explaining Theoretical Disagreement.” Fresco Lectures, Department of Jurisprudence, Faculty of Law, University of Genoa, Italy, March 2008.

“Gemes on Perspectivism.” Conference on “Skepticism: Ancient, Modern, and Contemporary,” sponsored by the Department of Philosophy, New York University, in Florence, Italy, June 2008.

"Science and Methodology in Legal Theory” and “Explaining Theoretical Disagreement.” Faculty of Law, University of Girona, Spain, June 2008.

“Nietzsche’s Naturalism Reconsidered.” Conference on “Nietzsche, Naturalism, and Normativity.” Department of Philosophy, University of Southampton, United Kingdom, July 2008.

“The Epistemic Authority of the Human Sciences: Critical Reflections on Foucault.” Keynote Address at the symposium on “How Do We Keep Knowing?” Glasscock Center for Humanities Research, Texas A&M University, College Station, October 2008.

 

“Cleaning Cyber-Cesspools: Google and Free Speech,” New York Law School, February 2009; Conference on Speech, Privacy, and the Internet at University of Chicago Law School, November 2008

Big Ten Aspiring Legal Scholars Conference at University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign School of Law, August 2009

“Who is the ‘Sovereign Individual’? Nietzsche on Freedom,” Annual Meeting of the Friedrich Nietzsche Society at St. Peter’s College at Oxford University, September 2009 (keynote address)

“Explaining Theoretical Disagreement,” Joseph Raz’s Legal Philosophy Seminar at Columbia University Law School, October 2009

 

1993-1999

1. "American Legal Realism and Naturalized Jurisprudence." Law School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, January 1993.

2. "Legal Realism and Varieties of Legal Indeterminacy." School of Law, Rutgers University, Camden, NJ, January 1993.

3. "The Jurisprudence of Neorealism." School of Law, University of San Diego, CA, January 1993.

4. "Morality in the Pejorative Sense." Department of Philosophy, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, February 1993.

5. "Morality in the Pejorative Sense." Department of Philosophy, University of California, San Diego, October 1993.

6. "Pornography and Equality." Fourth Biennial Discussion Group on Constitutional Law, Georgetown University Law Center, Washington D.C., December 1993.

7. "The Middle Way." Comment on paper by Hilary Putnam, Jurisprudence Section of the Association of American Law Schools, Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, January 1994.

8. "Pornography, Causation and Harm." School of Law, Rutgers University, Camden, NJ, January 1994.

9. "Legal Indeterminacy and the Legitimacy of Adjudication." College of Law, University of Arizona, Tucson, April 1994.

10. "Morality in the Pejorative Sense." Department of Philosophy, University of Arizona, Tucson, April 1994.

11. "Tort Theory and the Objectivity of Corrective Justice." Comment on paper by Jules Coleman at the conference on "Issues in the Philosophy of Law" (in honor of Joel Feinberg), College of Law University of Arizona, Tucson, September 1994.

12. "Heidegger and the Theory of Adjudication." Law & Interpretation Section of the Association of American Law Schools, Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, January 1995.

13. "Realism and Positivism Reconsidered." School of Law, University of Texas, Austin, March 1995.

14. "Legal Realism." Oxford-USC Legal Theory Institute, Brasenose College, Oxford University, United Kingdom, July 1995.

15. "The Philosophy of Judging." Workshop/Presentation, Annual Education Meeting, Florida Conference of District Court of Appeals Judges, Sarasota, FL, September 1995.

16. "Nietzsche and the Morality Critics." Department of Philosophy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, September 1995.

17. "Nietzsche and the Morality Critics." Department of Philosophy, University of Texas, Austin, November 1995.

18. "Rethinking Legal Realism." College of Law, University of Iowa, Iowa City, November 1995.

19. Participant, 1st Annual Conference on Analytic Legal Philosophy, Law School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, December 1995.

20. "Explanation and Legal Theory." Comment on paper by Larry Alexander & Ken Kress, Jurisprudence Section of the Association of American Law Schools, Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX, January 1996.

*21. "Nietzsche: Three Themes." Symposium on "Five Perspectives on Nietzsche," Department of Philosophy, University of Texas, Austin, April 1996.

22. Participant, Conference on "The Path of the Law 100 Years Later: Holmes's Influence on Modern Jurisprudence," Brooklyn Law School, Brooklyn, NY, November 1996.

23. "Why Quine Is Not a Postmodernist." Symposium on Dennis Patterson's Law and Truth (Oxford, 1996), School of Law, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, December 1996.

24. "Holmes, Nietzsche, and Classical Realism." A Centennial Symposium on Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.'s Intellectual Legacy, College of Law, University of Iowa, Iowa City, January 1997.

25. "Objectivity, Morality, and Adjudication." 2nd Annual Conference on Analytic Legal Philosophy, School of Law, Columbia University, New York, NY, April 1997.

26. “Legal Realism and Legal Positivism Reconsidered.” School of Law, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, January 1998.

27. "Legal Realism and Legal Positivism Reconsidered." Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley, March 1998.

28. Participant, 3rd Annual Conference on Analytic Legal Philosophy, School of Law, University of San Diego, California, April 1998.

29. "Nietzsche's Metaethics." Department of Philosophy, Rice University, Houston, TX, April 1998.

30. “Hart, Legal Realism, and Empirical Rule-Skepticism.” Special Session on Philosophy of Law, XXth World Congress of Philosophy, Boston, MA, August 1998 (one of three invited speakers).

31. “Legal Realism and Legal Positivism Reconsidered.” Yale Law School, New Haven, CT, October 1998.

32. "Legal Realism and Legal Positivism Reconsidered." Legal Theory Workshop, Law School, University of Chicago, IL, January 1999.

33. "Marx, Justice, and Relativism." Comment on a paper by Justin Schwartz, winner of the Fred Berger Prize in philosophy of law, American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division, Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 1999.

34. "Legal Realism and Legal Positivism Reconsidered." School of Law, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, April 1999.

35. "Measuring the Academic Distinction of Law Faculties." Conference on Citation Studies, School of Law, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, April 1999. (Also sponsored by Journal of Legal Studies and West Publishing.)

36. "Social Epistemology and the Law of Evidence." Conference on Epistemology and the Law of Evidence, 3rd Annual Law

& Philosophy Workshop, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, October 1999.

37. Comment on paper by Susan Haack. Conference on Epistemology and the Law of Evidence, 3rd Annual Law & Philosophy Workshop, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, October 1999.

38. "Holmes, Nietzsche, and Classical Realism." Legal Theory Workshop, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, Canada, November 1999.

2000-2004

39. Participant, Workshop on Methodology in Legal Philosophy, Center for Law and Philosophy, Columbia University, New York, NY, March 2000.

40. "Moral Facts and Best Explanations." Conference on Moral Epistemology, Social Philosophy & Policy Center (Bowling Green State University), La Jolla, CA, June 2000.

*41. "Legal Realism, Hard Positivism, and the Limits of Conceptual Analysis." Conference on "Reason and Rationality in the Common Law" (joint Oxford-UT conference), Worcester College, Oxford University, UK, July 2000.

42. Commentary on Maudemarie Clark, "Nietzsche's Soul." Annual Chapel Hill Philosophy Colloqium, Department of Philosophy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, October 2000.

43. "Legal Realism and Legal Positivism Reconsidered." Law School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, October 2000.

44. Symposium on Brian Leiter, Nietzsche on Morality, Department of Philosophy, Cardiff University, Wales, UK, November 2000. I presented a précis of the book, followed by commentaries on the book by Maudemarie Clark [Colgate], Sebastian Gardner [London], Peter Poellner [Warwick], Peter Sedgwick [Cardiff], and Alessandra Tanesini [Cardiff].

45. "Charles Alan Wright: Legal Realist." A Tribute to Charles Alan Wright, School of Law, University of Texas, Austin, November 2000.

46. "Educational Quality Ranking of U.S. Law Schools." National Association of Pre-Law Advisors, Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, November 2000.

47. "The Naturalistic Turn in Legal Philosophy." Special session on "New Directions in Analytic Jurisprudence," Jurisprudence Section of the Association of American Law Schools, San Francisco, CA, January 2001.

48. "Naturalized Epistemology and the Law of Evidence." Symposium on New Perspectives on Evidence, School of Law, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, February 2001. (Paper presented by Ronald Allen [Northwestern].)

49. "What is 'Genealogy' and What is Nietzsche's Genealogy?" Department of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, March 2001.

*50. Organizer, Speaker, & Moderator. Conference on "Nietzsche: Philosophical Influences and Philosophical Legacies," College of Liberal Arts, University of Texas, Austin, March 2001. (External participants: Maudemarie Clark [Colgate], Nadeem Hussain [Stanford], Christopher Janaway [London], and John Richardson [NYU].)

51. "Naturalism in Legal Philosophy." Workshop on Naturalism and Realism in Legal Philosophy, Center for Law and Philosophy, Columbia University, New York, NY, April 2001.

52. "Adjudication as Craft." Comments on Brett Scharffs, "The Judicial Craft," Research Workshop, Institute for Humane Studies, George Mason University, Arlington, VA, July 2001.

53. "Asceticism and Perspectivism." Conference on "Nietzsche on Truth," Philosophy Programme, School of Advanced Study, University of London, UK, October 2001. (Paper presented by Ken Gemes [Birkbeck College, London].)

54. “Beyond the Hart/Dworkin Debate.” Legal Philosophy Colloqium, Oxford University, UK, March 2002.

55. “Beyond the Hart/Dworkin Debate.” Faculty of Law, University of Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne), March 2002.

56. “Textbook Censorship in Texas.” American Constitution Society, School of Law, University of Texas, Austin, September 2002.

57. “American Legal Realism.” School of Law, Villanova University, Villanova, PA, October 2002.

58. “The Hermeneutics of Suspicion.” Department of Philosophy, Birkbeck College, London, UK, October 2002.

*59. “Nietzsche’s Genealogy of Morality.” Intercollegiate seminars (three), University of London, UK, November 2002.

60. “Beyond the Hart/Dworkin Debate.” Faculty of Law, Cambridge University, UK, November 2002.

*61. Organizer, commentator and participant, conference on "Moral Theory After Nietzsche," University of Texas, Austin, February 2003. (External participants: Maudemarie Clark [Colgate], Thomas Hurka [Toronto], Nadeem Hussain [Stanford], Christopher Janaway [London], Elijah Millgram [Utah], Peter Poellner [Warwick], and Mathias Risse [Harvard].)

62. “Why Texas Can’t Afford Textbook Censorship.” Rotary Club of Houston, TX, February 2003.

63. “Beyond the Hart/Dworkin Debate: The Methodology Problem in Jurisprudence.” Conference on “Law’s Moral Foundations: Has It Any?”, Law School and American Journal of Jurisprudence, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN, April 2003.

*64. “Nietzsche as Naturalist: For and Against.” Intercollegiate seminars (two), University of London, UK, May 2003 (with Sebastian Gardner).

*65. “The Methodology Problem in Jurisprudence.” Faculty of Law, University College London, UK, May 2003.

66. “The Hermeneutics of Suspicion.” Philosophical Society, Oxford University, UK, May 2003.

67. Participant, Roundtable on Nietzsche and Normativity, Institute for Law and Philosophy, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, September 2003.

68. “Why Evolutionary Biology is (so far) Irrelevant to Law.” Law & Economics Workshop, College of Law, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, September 2003.

69. “Why Evolutionary Biology is (so far) Irrelevant to Law.” Law School, George Mason University, Arlington, VA, October 2003.

70. “Why Evolutionary Biology is (so far) Irrelevant to Law.” Law School, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, February 2004.

71. “The Hermeneutics of Suspicion: The Case of Freud.” Department of Philosophy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, March 2004.

72. Participant, Annual Conference on Analytic Legal Philosophy, School of Law, New York University, April 2004.

73. “The End of Empire: Dworkin and Jurisprudence in the 21st Century.” Keynote address, Inaugural Conference of the Institute for Law & Philosophy, Rutgers University School of Law, Camden, NJ, May 2004.

74. “Nietzsche’s Theory of the Will”. Plenary Address, Conference on “Nietzsche and Ethics,” Annual Meeting of the Friedrich Nietzsche Society of Great Britain, University of Sussex, UK, September 2004.

75. “The Hermeneutics of Suspicion: Recovering Marx, Nietzsche, and Freud.” Cardozo Law School, Yeshiva University, New York, N.Y., October 2004.

76. “Nietzsche’s Theory of the Will.” Conference on “Nietzsche and Naturalism,” The Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, November 2004.

*77 Organizer and participant, conference on “Methodology in Jurisprudence.” Law & Philosophy Program, University of Texas, Austin, November 2004.

78. “The End of Empire: Dworkin and Jurisprudence in the 21st Century.” Institute for Comparative Jurisprudence, Law School, Loyola University, Los Angeles, CA, December 2004.