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The Limits of Mandatory Disclosure Laws
Peter Coy
Bloomberg BusinessWeek
May 15, 2014

Mandatory disclosure of information is that rare policy embraced by left and right alike. Liberals see disclosure as empowering the little guy, while conservatives view it as improving market efficiency. To combat obesity, Congress requires disclosure of calorie counts on food packages. To improve medical care, Medicare discloses hospital and physician group ratings. To make home buying more transparent, there’s disclosure of mortgage terms. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Director Richard Cordray was stating the consensus at a hearing last year when he said, “Disclosure is one of the best tools government agencies can use to improve the operation of the marketplace.”

But is mandatory disclosure really that beneficial? During the housing bubble, having to sign 50 documents stuffed with financial disclosures didn’t stop people from taking out ill-advised subprime loans on overpriced houses. An alarming number of female college students are still attacked on campuses despite the federal Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act, which imposes stiff crime rep